All-state-state lithium batteries (ASSLBs) have gained worldwide attention because of the high ionic conductivity of SEs, intrinsic safety and increased energy density. In ASSLBs, solid-state electrolyte is a key component and interface is a big challenge. In this talk, I will talk about two types of solid-state electrolytes including sulfide-based electrolyte (focusing on interface) and halide-based electrolytes (focusing on synthesis and increase of ionic conductivity).
In the first part of this talk, I will demonstrate to apply atomic layer deposition/molecular layer deposition (ALD/MLD) for interface design between sulfide-based electrolyte and cathode material. Compared with polymer-based and oxide-based electrolytes, sulfide-based electrolyte generally exhibits the highest ionic conductivity (10-3 ~ 10-2 S/cm) and favorable mechanical property. However, the serious interfacial challenge, bad air stability, narrow electrochemical windows of sulfide-based electrolyte significantly impede development of sulfide-based ASSLBs . Generally, an artificial, uniform and ultrathin interfacial layer is critical to address these challenges. ALD) and MLD are unique coating techniques that can realize excellent coverage and conformal deposition with precisely controllable at the nanoscale level due to its self-limiting nature, which are ideal for addressing the challenges of interface in SSLBs.
In the second part of this talk, I will talk about halide-based electrolyte for ASSLBs. Compared with sulfide-based electrolyte, both experimental and theoretical results recently demonstrate that halide-based electrolytes have more advantages including high RT ionic conductivity (>10-3 S cm-1, theoretically possible 10-2 S cm-1), wide electrochemically stable window (possible up to 6 V), high air-stability, good stability toward oxide cathode materials, and even salable water synthesis strategy.